Swaminathan Committee Report UPSC – Main Recommendations

Swaminathan Committee Report UPSC – Main Recommendations

Swaminathan Committee Report UPSC – Main Recommendations -The government of India constituted the National Commission on Farmers on November 18, 2004. The NCF was chaired by Professor M.S. Swaminathan. It submitted five reports to the government.

  • The first was submitted in December 2004 and the fifth and final report was submitted on October 4, 2006.
  • The reports had suggestions for “faster and more inclusive growth” for farmers as was envisaged in the Planning Commission’s Approach to 11th Five Year Plan.
  • The fifth report was the most crucial as it contained suggestions for inclusive growth of farmers and agriculture sector.

Swaminathan Committee Report UPSC – Main Recommendations

Swaminathan Committee Report UPSC - Main Recommendations

NCF’s Swaminathan Commission Report aimed at

  • Working out a system for food and nutrition security
  • Sustainability in the farming system
  • Enhancing quality and cost competitiveness of farm commodities
  • Also to recommend measures for credit and other marketing related steps.

The main recommendations of the reports were as under


Areas Details
 Land Reforms  The purpose of this service would be to connect land usage decisions with ecological meteorological and marketing factors.
Irrigation reforms
  • It recommended framing a set of reforms to provide farmers with sustained and equitable access to water for irrigation.
  • Ensuring boost in water supply by rainwater harvesting, water level recharging by mandatory aquifers; Million Wells Recharge programme to be initiated targeted at private wells.
  • To target increase in investment in irrigation sector under 11th five year plan.
Productivity Growth
  • NCF said that with the objective of achieving higher productivity growth
  • It recommended a national network of advanced soil testing labs with an aim to test areas for apt Micro nutrient levels.
Credit and Insurance:
  •  Expand outreach of formal credit system; reduce crop loan interest rates to 4%; provide moratorium on debt recovery; agricultural risk fund;
  • kisan credit cards for women farmers; integrated credit-cum-crop-livestock human health insurance package
  • crop insurance across country for all crops with reduced premiums; sustainable livelihoods for the poor, investment in human development; institutional development services etc
Food Security
  • The commission recommended Implementation of a universal public distribution system;
  • Reorganising delivery of nutrition support programmes on a life-cycle basis with Panchayat participation and that of local bodies
  • Elimination of Micro nutrient deficiency induced hunger and food cum fortification
  • Community food and water banks to be operated by women self-help groups
  • Help small and marginal farmers
  • Formulate national food guarantee act with features as food for work and employment guarantee programmes.
Prevention of Farmer Suicides:
  •  Providing affordable health insurance at primary healthcare centres in villages;
  • National rural health mission to be extended to suicide Hot spots on priority basis;
  • State level farmers’ commissions with representatives of farmers, restructuring of Micro finance policies that may serve as a sort of livelihood finance;
  • Covering all crops by crop insurance;
  • Village to be the assessor and not the block, social security net that gives old age support with health insurance and aquifer recharge and rain water conservation
  • Plans for decentralised water usage etc.



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