SSC JE Study Material PDF 2021 Download | Exam Pattern | Syllabus

SSC JE Study Material PDF 2021 Download | Exam Pattern | Syllabus – Staff Selection Commission-Junior Engineer (SSC JE ) is a national-level level exam conducted by SSC every year. This means that if you are selected for a post then you may be asked to serve anywhere in the country. Before appearing for the exam, it is important that you Study Material as much as you can. Practicing SSC JE Study Material gives you an idea about the difficulty level of the questions and the trend.

SSC JE Study Material PDF 2021 Download | Exam Pattern | Syllabus

SSC JE Study Material PDF 2021 Download | Exam Pattern | Syllabus

Name of the exam Staff Selection Commission Junior Engineer
Conducting body Staff Selection Commission
Exam category National
Stages in SSC JE Paper 1 (Objective)
Paper 2 (Descriptive)
Document verification
Frequency Once a year
Contact information Staff Selection Commission Block No-12,
CGO Complex, Lodhi Road, New Delhi-110003
Official website ssc.nic.in

SSC JE Eligibility Criteria

Every candidate should satisfy the eligibility criteria if he/she needs to appear for this paper. Without satisfying the eligibility criteria for SSC JE exam, one’s candidature will be cancelled on the later stages when found. The basic age criterion for the SSC JE 2021 Exam is mentioned below.

Nationality

To be eligible for the SSC JE exam, candidates should meet the Nationality requirements decided by the Staff Selection Commission. The details of which are as follows:

  • Candidate must be a citizen of India or a subject of Nepal or Bhutan.
  • A Tibetan refugee who came to India before January 1st, 1962 with an intention of staying permanently in India.
  • An Indian who migrated from Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Burma and East African countries with an intention of permanently settling in India.

SSC JE Educational Qualification and Age Limit

Post Educational Qualification Age Limit
Junior Engineer (Civil), CPWD Diploma in Civil Engineering from a recognized University or Institute Up to 32 Years
Junior Engineer(Electrical) CPWD Diploma in Electrical or Mechanical Engineering from a recognised University or Institute. Up to 32 Years
Junior Engineer (Civil), Department of Posts Three years Diploma or equivalent in Civil Engineering from an institution recognised by the Central Government or State Government Up to 32 Years
Junior Engineer (Civil), MES (Electrical, Mechanical) Degree from a recognised University from the respective branch (i.e. Civil, Mechanical, Electrical) OR I)Three years Diploma in the respective branch from a recognised Institute or University or Board and(II) Two years experience in Planning, Execution, and Maintenance of Civil/Mech/Electrical Engineering works Up to 32 Years
Junior Engineer(Civil) in Central Water Commission Degree or Diploma in Civil Engineering from a recognised University or Institution 18-27 years
Degree or Diploma in Mechanical Engineering from a recognised University or Institution Degree or Diploma in Mechanical Engineering from a recognised University or Institution Up to 30 years
Junior Engineer(Civil) in Farrakka Barrage Project Diploma in Civil Engineering from a recognised University or Institute Up to 30 years
Junior Engineer (Mechanical) in Farrakka Barrage Project Diploma in Mechanical Engineering from a recognised University or Institute 18-27 years
Junior Engineer (Electrical) in Farrakka Barrage Project Diploma in Electrical Engineering from a recognised University or Institute Up to 30 years
Junior Engineer(Civil) in Central Water Power Research Station Diploma in Civil Engineering from a recognised University. Up to 30 years
Junior Engineer(Electrical) in Central Water Power Research Station Diploma in Electrical Engineering from a recognised University Up to 30 years
Junior Engineer(Mechanical) Directorate of Quality Assurance Naval Diploma in Mechanical Engineering from any recognised University/Institution and Two Year Experience in Respective Field Up to 30 years
Junior Engineer(Electrical) Directorate of Quality Assurance Naval Diploma in Electrical Engineering from any recognised University/Institution and Two years experience in respective fields Up to 30 years

SSC JE Age Relaxation:

Category Age-Relaxation Permissible beyond the Upper age limit
SC/ST 5 years
OBC 3 years
PH 10 years
PH (OBC) 13 years
PH (SC/ST) 15 years
Ex-Servicemen (ESM) 03 years after deduction of the military service rendered from the actual age as on the closing date on receipt of online application.
Central Govt. Civilian Employees (General/Unreserved) who have rendered not less than 3 years regular and continuous service as on Closing date Upto 5 Years of age
Central Govt. Civilian Employees (OBC) who have rendered not less than 3 years regular and continuous service as on Closing date. Upto 8 (5+3) years of age
Central Govt. Civilian Employees ( SC/ST ) who have rendered not less than 3 years regular and continuous service as on Closing date Upto 10 ( 5+5) years of age.
Candidates who had ordinarily been domiciled in the State of Jammu & Kashmir during the period from 01- 01-1980 to 31-12-1989 (Unreserved/General ) 5 years
Candidates who had ordinarily been domiciled in the State of Jammu & Kashmir during the period from 01- 01-1980 to 31-12-1989 ( OBC ) 8 years
Candidates who had ordinarily been domiciled in the State of Jammu & Kashmir during the period from 01- 01-1980 to 31-12-1989 (SC/ST) 5 years
Defense Personnel disabled in operation during hostilities with any foreign country or in a disturbed area and released as a consequence thereof. 3 years
Defence Personnel disabled in operation during hostilities with any foreign country or in a disturbed area and released as a consequence thereof ( SC/ST ) 8 years

SSC JE Application Fee

  • Candidates need to pay an application fee of INR 100.
  • Candidates can submit fee through online and offline mode.
  • Download the SBI Challan for the offline payment and for online payment, candidates can use Net banking, Debit Card, and Credit Card.
  • SC/ST/PH and Female candidates are exempted from the payment of Application Fees.
Category SSC JE Application Fee
General/OBC INR 100
Women/SC/ST/PWD/Ex-serviceman Nil

SSC JE Selection Process

It is a mandatory for the eligible candidates to clear all these stages in order to qualify the SSC JE .The examination will be conducted in two stages:

A.Written Test (500 marks)
B. Document Verification

Filling the SSC JE Application Form

  • All the eligible candidates should fill up the SSC JE Application Form as soon as possible first.
  • First Register on the official website with Email Id and Phone Number.
  • Then enter your personal details, educational qualification and all other details asked for along with the photograph and signature in the prescribed format and pay the application fee.
  • The candidates must keep 2,3 print outs of the duly filled SSC JE Application Form for further reference.

A. Written Test: 

  • Written test will consists of two papers viz Paper -I and Paper-II.
  • Part I will be Objective type questions for 200 marks and Paper II will have Conventional type questions for 300 marks.
  • Time duration for each paper will be 2 hours.
  • Answer- sheets of Paper-II (Conventional Type) will be evaluated in respect of only those candidates who qualify in Paper-I at the standard as decided/fixed by the Commission at its discretion.
  • There will be negative marking of 0.25 marks for each wrong answer in Paper-I.

B. Document Verification: 

  • Only those candidates who secure at least the minimum qualifying marks in the written examination as may be fixed by the Commission at its discretion, will be eligible to appear in the Document Verification.
  • Candidates who qualify for Document Verification will be recommended for appointment by the Commission on the basis of total marks in the Written Examination and Document Verification.

C. Resolution of Tie Cases:

In cases where more than one candidate secure the equal aggregates marks, tie will be resolved by applying the following methods one after another:-
(i) Total marks in written examination.
(ii) Marks in Paper-II.
(iii) Marks in Paper-I.
(iv) Date of birth, with older candidates placed higher.
(v) Alphabetical order in the first names of the candidates appear

D. SSC JE Document Verification

Document verification will be based on candidates’ marks in Paper 1 and 2 exams.

  • The admission is provisional is subjected to their satisfying the prescribed eligibility conditions.
  • At the time of verification if any candidates do not fulfill any of the eligibility conditions, His\Her candidature will be canceled by the commission.

E. SSC JE Medical Examination

  • To make sure that the applying candidates are medically fit to carry out the duties properly, the candidates will have to pass the requisite medical fitness test(s) conducted by the concerned department.

F. Final Selection and Allotment to Various Posts

After the above stages are completed successfully, they will appear for the final stage of the SSC JE selection procedure i.e. final allotment. As per the marks, ranks will be allotted to candidates. Allotment to the various posts will be done amongst the candidates on the merit list. The posts to be offered by SSC under Participating organizations i.e. Central Water Commission, CPWD, Department of Post and MES are:

  • Electrical
  • Mechanical
  • Civil
  • (Quantity Surveying and Contract
  • Electrical and Mechanical

SSC JE Salary Structure

Pay Level of Posts Pay Level-6
Pay scale Rs 35,400-1,12,400/-
Grade Pay 4200
Basic pay Rs 35,400
HRA (as per the city) X cities(24%)

Y cities(16%)

Z cities (8%)

8,496

5,664

2,832

DA (Current- 17%) 6,018
Travel Allowance Cities- 3600, Other Places- 1800
Gross Salary Range (Approx) X Cities

Y Cities

Z Cities

Rs.53,514

Rs.50,682

Rs.46,050

SSC JE Exam Pattern | SSC JE Study Material PDF

  • SSC Junior Engineer examination consists of two papers. The candidate should clear Paper 1 first in order to be eligible for Paper 2.
  • Candidates who successfully qualify for both the exams will be Participating in the recruitment process and shall be on probation for a period of 2 years.
  • During the probation period, Candidates would require to undergo such training or pass an examination as prescribed by the Controlling Authority.

SSC JE Exam Pattern 2021: Tier 1

  • The SSC Junior Engineer Paper I examination is an objective type CBT (Computer Based Test) with a total of 200 questions.
  • Each question carries equal marks which means Paper I carries a weightage of 200 marks.
  • Paper I is further divided into three sections.
  • These sections are General Intelligence & Reasoning (50 Marks), General Awareness (50 Marks), and Technical Section i.e. Civil & Structural Engineering/Electrical Engineering/Mechanical Engineering (100 Marks).
  • Paper I will be computer-based objective type test.
  • Paper I will be conducted for 200 marks for a time duration of 2 hours(2 hours 40 minutes for Scribe candidates).
  • There will be a negative marking of 0.25 marks.
  • Questions will be set both in English & in Hindi.
Papers Subject No. of Qs. Max Marks Time
Paper-I Objective Type Computer-Based (i) General Intelligence & Reasoning 50 50 2 hours per shift
(ii) General Awareness 50 50
(iii) Part –A Civil & Structural Engineering OR Part-B Electrical Engineering OR Part-C Mechanical Engineering 100 100

SSC JE Exam Pattern – Paper II | SSC JE Study Material PDF

  • The exam pattern of SSC JE Paper II includes descriptive-type questions.
  • This Paper has a weightage of 300 marks.
  • There will be three parts i.e. Civil & Structural Engineering, Electrical Engineering, and Mechanical Engineering.
  • Candidates will attempt only one of these parts based on their graduation stream.
  • A composite time of 2 hours will be allotted for this descriptive type paper.
  • There will be no negative marking of SSC JE Paper II.
  • Questions will be set both in English & in Hindi.
  • You should choose your subjects for Part-A, B, and C keeping in mind the post you are applying for. Candidates are allowed to appear for any one of the Part i.e. either Part A/Part B/Part C.
Papers Subject Max Marks Time
Paper-II Descriptive Type Written Exam Part-A Civil & Structural Engineering 300 2 Hours(2 hours and 40
minutes for the
candidates who
are eligible for
scribe)
Part-B Electrical Engineering
Part-C Mechanical Engineering

SSC JE Syllabus PDF | SSC JE Study Material PDF

Candidates can make use of the syllabus to get a basic idea of the topics on which questions will be asked in the examination. The candidates can also refer to the SSC JE 2021 Syllabus to better understand the examination.

SSC JE Syllabus for Paper I

Given below is the SSC JE 2021 Syllabus of Paper-I. The main topics of every part of the Paper-I are given below.

Subject Syllabus
General Intelligence and Reasoning
  • Analogies
  • Decision Making
  • Coding and Decoding
  • Relationship concepts
  • Arithmetical reasoning
  • Figural classification
  • Judgment
  • Arithmetic Number Series
  • Numerical Operations
  • Emotional Intelligence
  • Critical thinking
  • Social Intelligence
  • Date & city matching Classification of centre codes/roll numbers
  • Decoding and classification
  • Folding and Completion
  • Indexing Address Matching
  • Symbolic/Number Analogy
  • Venn Diagrams
  • Word Building
  • Blood Relations
  • Assumptions
  • Conclusions
  • Syllogism
  • Drawing inferences
  • Punched hole/pattern
  • Visual memory
  • Cause, Effect
  • Matrix
  • Direction Sense
  • Counting of Numbers
General Awareness
  • History
  • Geography
  • Indian Polity
  • Ancient History
  • Chemistry
  • Science
  • Technology
  • Modern History
  • Recent Awards
  • National Affairs
  • International Affairs
  • Important Days
  • Static General Knowledge
  • Art and Culture
  • Literature
  • Economics
  • Business
  • Finance
  • Constitution of India
  • States of India
  • Sports
  • Invention and Discoveries
  • Countries, Capitals, and Currencies
Civil Engineering
  • Building Materials
  • Estimating
  • Costing and Valuation
  • Surveying
  • Soil Mechanics
  • Hydraulics
  • Irrigation Engineering
  • Transportation Engineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Theory of Structures
  • Concrete Technology
  • RCC Design, Steel Design.
Mechanical Engineering:
  • Theory of Machines and Machine Design
  • Engineering Mechanics and Strength of Materials
  • Laws Of Thermodynamics
    Air standard Cycles for IC Engines and Performance
  • Engine Cooling & Lubrication, Rankine cycle of System, Boilers, Classification
  • Principle of Refrigeration Plant, Nozzles & Steam Turbines
    Properties & Classification of Fluids, Fluid Statics, Measurement of Fluid Pressure
  • basic principles, Hydraulic Turbines, Centrifugal Pumps, classification of steels
  • Fluid Kinematics, Dynamics of Ideal fluids, Measurement of Flow rate

SSC JE Syllabus for Paper II | SSC JE Study Material PDF

  • Paper 2 is a descriptive type (Pen and Paper Mode)
  • Paper 2 Weighs 300 marks and is of 2 Hours.
Subject Syllabus
Civil Engineering
  • Building Materials
  • Estimating, Costing and Valuation
  • Surveying
    Soil Mechanics
  • Hydraulics
  • Irrigation Engineering
  • Transportation Engineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Structural Engineering
    Theory of structures
  • Concrete Technology
  • RCC and Steel Design
Mechanical Engineering
  • Theory of Machines and Machine Design, Properties of Pure Substances
  • Engineering Mechanics and Strength of Materials, Air standard Cycles for IC engines
  • Thermal Engineering, Laws of Thermodynamics
  • Properties & Classification of Fluid
  • Fluid Statics
  • Measurement of Fluid Pressure
  • Fluid Kinematics
  • Dynamics of ideal fluids
  • Measurement of Flow rate Basic Principles
  • Hydraulic Turbines
  • Centrifugal Pumps
  • Classification of Steels
Electrical Engineering
  • Basic concepts of resistance, inductance, capacitance etc.
  • Circuit law
  • Magnetic Circuit
  • AC Fundamentals
  • Measurement and measuring instruments
  • Electrical Machines
  • Synchronous Machines
  • Generation, Transmission and Distribution
  • Estimation and costing
  • The utilisation of Electrical Energy
  • Basic Electronics
  • Working on various electronic devices e.g. P N Junction diodes, Transistors (NPN and PNP type), BJT and JFET etc.

Best Books To Prepare For SSC JE 2021

  • Candidates need a rigorous preparation to crack the SSC JE 2021 examination.
  • There are great books for preparation of SSC JE 2021 available in the markets.
  • Candidates can find quality study material for both Paper 1 and Paper 2.
  • Some of the best books for SSC JE 2021 preparation are given on this page.

Best Books for SSC JE Paper I Exam

Subjects Title of the Book Author’s Name/Publication
General Intelligence & Reasoning A Modern Approach to Verbal and Nonverbal Reasoning R.S. Aggrawal
A Modern Approach to Logical Reasoning R.S. Aggrawal
SSC JE (CPWD/CWC/MES) General Intelligence & Reasoning and General Awareness G.K. Publication
General Awareness   Daily Current Affairs
SSC JE Civil SSC JE Civil Engineering Previous Year Topic-wise Objective Solved Papers Made Easy Publications
SSC JE Mechanical SSC JE Mechanical Engineering Previous Year Topic wise Made Easy Publications
SSC JE Electrical SSC JE: Electrical Engineering – Topicwise Conventional Solved Papers Made Easy Publications

Best Books for SSC JE Paper-II Exam | SSC JE Study Material PDF

Subjects Title of the Book Author’s Name/Publication
SSC JE Civil SSC JE Civil Engineering Previous Year Topic-wise Objective Solved Papers Made Easy Publications
SSC Junior Engineer Mechanical Recruitment Exam Guide 4th Edition Disha Publication
SSC JE Mechanical SSC JE Mechanical Engineering Previous Year Topic wise Made Easy Publications
Civil Engineering: Conventional and Objective Type S Chand Publication
Civil Engineering JE Junior Engineer Previous Year Papers Hitti Aggarwal Publication
SSC JE Electrical SSC JE: Electrical Engineering – Topicwise Conventional Solved Papers Made Easy Publications
SSC JE (CPWD/MES) Electrical Engineering for Junior Engineers Recruitment Examination (2018-19) G.K. Publication
SSC JE – 2019 Electrical Engineering Previous Year Objective Detailed Solution Papers Zone Tech Publications

SSC JE Exam Centres

  • At the time of filling the SSC JE Application Form, candidates are asked to give two to three options for the exam centre.
  • Candidates can give these options in order of preference. Usually, the SSC allocates the nearest exam centre out of the given options.
  • This is done for the convenience of candidates.
  • The Staff Selection Commission also reserves the right to cancel any exam centre. T
  • he SSC JE Exam Centre assigned to the candidate will be present on the admit card of that candidate.
Examination Centers & Center Code Address of Regional Offices
Allahabad(3003), Patna (3206), Lucknow (3010) Regional Director(CR), Staff Selection Commission,21-23, Lowther Road,Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh-211002
Port Blair (4802), Kolkata (4410), Gangtok (4001), Ranchi (4205), Bhubaneshwar (4604) Regional Director (ER), Staff Selection Commission,1st, MSO Building, (8th Floor) 234/4, Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose Road, Kolkata, West Bengal-700020
Bangalore (9001), Kavaratti (9, 401), Thiruvananthapuram (9211), Regional Director(KKR), Staff Selection Commission,1st Floor, “E” Wing, Kendriya Sadan, Koramangala, Bangalore, Karnataka-560034
Jaipur (2405), Delhi (2201), Dehradun (2002) Regional Director (NR), Staff Selection Commission, Block No. 12, CGO Complex, Lodhi Road, New Delhi-110504
Itanagar-5001, Imphal-5501, Kohima-5302, Churachandpur-5502, Shillong-5401, Guwahati (Dispur) (5105), Agartala-5601, Aizwal-5701 Regional Director(NER), Staff Selection Commission, Housefed Complex, West End Block, Last Gate, Beltola Basistha Road, Dispur Guwahati, Assam-781006
Chennai(8201), Hyderabad(8002), Vishakhapatnam (8007) Regional Director (SR), Staff Selection Commission, EVK Sampath Building, 2ndFloor, College Road, Chennai, TamilNadu-600006
Nagpur(7205), Panaji(7801), Ahmedabad(7001), Mumbai(7204) Regional Director (WR), Staff Selection Commission,1st Floor, South Wing, Pratishta Bhawan, 101 M.K. Road, Mumbai, Maharashtra-400020
Bhopal-6001, Jagdalpur-6203, Raipur-6204 Dy. Director (MPR), Staff Selection Commission, “J-5” Anupam Nagar, Raipur, Chhatisgarh-492001
Chandigarh-1601, Baramula-1002, Srinagar (J&K)-1007, Jammu-1004, Shimla-1203 Dy. Director (NWR), Staff Selection Commission, Block No. 3, Gr. Floor, Kendriya Sadan, Sector-9, Chandigarh-160017

SSC JE Admit Card 2021 : SSC JE Study Material PDF

The admit card of the SSC JE 2021 exam will be issued on the official website. The date of issue of the hall ticket will be updated in the official notification by the authorities. The exam conducting is not responsible to send the admit card to all the registered candidates of SSC JE .Steps to Download the Admit Card of SSC JE

  • Visit the official website of SSC JE
  • Choose the link to the SSC JE group for which you have applied
  • Enter the registered login ID and password
  •  Now click on the link to download the SSC JE admit card
  • Download the admit card and check all the necessary details as the date of birth, name, gender, roll number, exam date, time, sign, exam center, candidate’s category, etc.
  • Now, take out the print to carry at the exam center of SSC JE . (A valid Id card is mandatory for all the candidates to carry at the exam center along with the admit card of SSC JE 2021)

SSC JE Result 2021 : SSC JE Study Material PDF

The authorities will issue the result of the SSC JE exam on the official website separately for all the groups. To check and download the result of SSC JE can follow the steps provided below:

  • Visit the official website of SSC JE
  • Select the result notification from the notification section
  • Click on the SSC JE result notification
  • Now, select and open the PDF of your group
  • Enter the registration number in the search bar to check your score on the SSC JE exam
  • Download and save a copy of the PDF for future reference.

How to Calculate your SSC JE CBT marks?

The Candidates must be aware of the process on how to calculate the marks from the answer key and compare it with their cutoff to have a better understanding of their chances of selection.

  • The total number of questions asked in the Computer based online test (CBT) is 200 for 200 marks
  • The total marks for each correct answer is 1.
  • 0.25 negative marks for an incorrect answer
  • Total number of marks = 1*Total number of correct answers – 0.25*Total number of incorrect answers.

SSC JE Cut Off

The SSC JE Cut Off 2021 is released by the SSC JE after the preliminary exam has been conducted. The SSC JE Cut Off changes each year depending on a variety of factors. These factors include:

  • The first factor that plays a large role in finalising the official cutoffs is the number of vacancies available for the post.
  • The total number of candidates appearing for the exam are also considered while setting the cutoffs. This ratio plays a large role in finalising the qualifying marks.
  • The difficulty level of the exam in the recruitment stage is a major factor that determines the official cut off stats.
  • Previous Year cut off trends are also taken in account for the consideration of the final cut off marks.

SSC JE 2019 Cutoff

Department Category Cutoff
Civil Appearing Candidates: 156000 Vacancies: 743 UR 123.52
OBC 115.93
SC 101.7
ST 102.61
EWS 112.28
OH 92.24
HH 55.73
Electrical/ Mechanical Appearing Candidates: 221133 Vacancies: 144 UR 157.47
OBC 153.26
SC 140.59
ST 135.88
EWS 151.04
OH 127.29
HH 92.49

SSC JE 2018 Cutoff

Department Category Cutoff
Civil Appearing Candidates: 156008 Vacancies: 1506 UR 127.4
OBC 122.91
SC 107.61
ST 107.01
EWS 118.99
Electrical/ Mechanical Appearing Candidates: 221125 Vacancies: 339 UR 152.16
OBC 149.3
SC 133.39
ST 125.49
EWS 147.47

SSC CHSL FAQs : SSC CHSL Study Material PDF

Q. Is SSC JE conducted in online mode?

  • The Paper-I of SSC JE exam is conducted online while the Paper-II is a descriptive paper which will be held offline (Written Examination).

Q. What is the minimum educational qualification for SSC JE exam?

  • Candidates have B.E./B.Tech. Degree or Diploma Civil, Electrical, and Mechanical Engineering from a recognised board in order to be eligible for the exam.

Q: From which subjects are questions asked in SSC JE paper-I?

  •  In SSC JE Paper-I, questions are asked majorly from three subjects – General Intelligence & Reasoning, General Awareness and General Engineering. In General Engineering, candidates have to attempt questions from Civil Engineering and Structural/Electrical/Mechanical Engineering.

Q: From which subjects are questions asked in SSC JE Paper-II?

  • In SSC JE paper-II, questions are asked from General Engineering (Civil and Structural/Electrical/Mechanical Engineering) only.

Q. Is it compulsory to appear for both Paper 1 and 2 of SSC JE 2021?

  • Yes, it is compulsory to appear for both the papers. Candidates failing to appear for paper 1 or 2 will be disqualified from the recruitment process. Based on the marks obtained by candidates in both the papers final cut off will be decided.

Q. How is the SSC JE merit list prepared?

  • SSC JE merit list is prepared based on the marks obtained in SSC JE (Tier-I + Tier-II) exam.

You can also check the Study Material of other SSC Exam in India here

SSC MTS Study Material PDF  SSC Stenographer Study Material PDF
SSC CHSL Study Material PDF 
 

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Scroll to Top