NATO Countries List With Map & Joining Date | Pdf Download

NATO Countries List With Map & Joining Date | Pdf DownloadNATO is an Alliance that consists of 30 independent member countries. Country by country, this page offers an overview of the links to national information servers and to the website of national delegations to NATO.  The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NTO) was created in 1949 by the United States, Canada, and other Western European countries to provide collective protection against the Soviet Union. NATO constitutes a system of collective security, under which independent member states agree to mutual defence in response to an attack from an outside party. The list of NATO members is given below. Russia Ukraine War Conflict Pdf | Russia Ukraine Conflict News | UPSC

Currently the Intergovernmental Military Alliance, NATO consists of 30 countries from the original 12 countries that signed the North Atlantic Treaty on 4 April 1949. The founding members of NATO are Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, the United Kingdom and the United States.

NATO Countries List With Map & Joining Date
NATO Countries List

What is NATO ?

NATO is a military organization that includes the help of the military of 30 countries. Let us tell you that it is an intergovernmental military organization that was founded on April 4, 1949. Its second name is the Atlantic Alliance. Under this, a country sends its army to another country where they are given international training and at the same time they are also ordered to deal strictly with every situation.

  • NATO is an intergovernmental military organization of some countries.
  • Its purpose is to work on a shared security policy.
  • For example, suppose if another country attacks a NATO country, the whole NATO country stands with the affected country and helps it.
  • Its full name is the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), which in French is called OTAN, which is in a way the reverse of NATO. Right now NATO countries are supporting Ukraine.

The member states of NATO are: 

  • Albania, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Montenegro, Netherlands, North Macedonia, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States.

In the order of joining NATO:

  • 1949 – Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg,  Netherlands, Norway, Portugal,  United Kingdom, United States.
  • 1952 – Greece, Turkey
  • 1955 – Germany
  • 1982 – Spain
  • 1999 – Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland
  • 2004 – Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia
  • 2009 – Albania, Croatia
  • 2017 – Montenegro
  • 2020 – North Macedonia

NATO partner countries are:

  • Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Finland, Georgia, Ireland, Kazakhstan, Kyrghyz Republic, Malta, The Republic of Moldova, Russia, Serbia, Sweden, Switzerland, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan.

NATO Headquarters : 

  • The NATO headquarters are located in Brussels, Belgium, while the headquarters of Allied Command Operations is near Mons, Belgium.
Year of Joining  Member States
1949 Belgium
1949 Canada
1949 Denmark
1949 France
1949 Iceland
1949 Italy
1949 Luxembourg
1949 Netherlands
1949 Norway
1949 Portugal
1949 United Kingdom
1949 United States
1952 Greece
1952 Turkey
1955 Germany
1982 Spain
1999 Czech Republic
1999 Hungary
1999 Poland
2004 Bulgaria
2004 Estonia
2004 Latvia
2004 Lithuania
2004 Romania
2004 Slovakia
2004 Slovenia
2009 Albania
2009 Croatia
2017 Montenegro
2020 North Macedonia

NATO Partner Countries List 2022 :

  • Armenia
  • Austria
  • Azerbaijan
  • Belarus
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Finland
  • Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
  • Ireland, Kazakhstan
  • Georgia
  • Kyrghyz Republic
  • Malta
  • The Republic of Moldova
  • Russia
  • Serbia
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Tajikistan
  • Turkmenistan
  • Ukraine
  • Uzbekistan

Why was NATO formed? : NATO Countries List 2022

  • Now let us tell you how NATO came into existence and only then will you understand why NATO countries are standing against Russia.
  • In fact, after The Second World War, the world was divided into two camps and at that time there were two super powers, including the United States and the Soviet Union.
  • At that time, other than the Soviet Union, other than the Soviet Union, other than the Other Camp, had started efforts to improve their economy, and at the same time, those countries had formed this organization to secure themselves from the Soviet Union and other countries so that they could come together and protect themselves.

nato members Countries & Future Members

NATO Full Form : NATO Countries List

NATO stands for The North Atlantic Treaty Organization. In Hindi it is called the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. The number of countries that have joined is 30.

NATO History And Background :

  • In 1945, when World War II ended, the Soviet Union and the United States became superpowers.
  • Due to this, the possibility of a potential threat to Europe was increased, in view of which France, Britain, Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg countries signed a treaty.
  • This treaty is called the Treaty of Boossels. According to it, it was decided that if any country is attacked, then all these countries will collectively provide military assistance to each other.
  • Apart from this, it was also determined that they would cooperate with each other socially and economically.

Later, the United States began to siege the Soviet Union to make itself the most powerful so that its influence could be eliminated. The US therefore offered a resolution of the North Atlantic Treaty under Article 15 of the Charter of the United Nations. The treaty was signed by 12 countries of the world in 1949. Which included countries such as Britain, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Belgium, Iceland, Luxembourg, France, Canada, Italy and Denmark, besides the United States.

What Is Truman Doctrine ?

  • The U.S. had put forward a proposal to stop the expansion of the Soviet Union at the time of the Cold War. It is known as the Truman theory.
  • Its main purpose was to stop the expansion of the Soviet Union as well as to help all European countries.
  • Under this principle, the United States decided to help all those countries that were at great risk from communism.
  • NATO organization was compiled by US President Harry S. Truman. This formation included all the countries that believed in saving democracy and which were threatened by communism. It was decided under NATO that the security of all member states involved would have to be taken care of.
  • If someone attacks a member state, it will be an attack on that organisation and that is why they will all face it together.
  • Under the Marshall Scheme, Turkey and Greece were given about $400 million in aid, and both of them were also made members of NATO.

FAQ About NATO :

Q: What Is NATO And What Does It Do ?

  • The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) is a coalition of 30 countries from North America and Europe committed to meeting the goals of the North Atlantic Treaty signed on 4 April 1949. According to the treaty, NATO’s fundamental role is to protect the independence and security of its member states by political and military means. NATO is playing an increasingly important role in crisis management and peacekeeping.

Q: Does NATO have its own armed forces To Fight ?

  • All member states participating in the military aspect of the alliance contribute forces and equipment, which together constitute the unified military structure of the alliance.
  • These forces and assets remain in national command and control for as long as they are required by NATO for a specific purpose (i.e. conflict or crisis, peacekeeping).
  • Nato, however, has some common capabilities owned and operated by the Alliance, such as the AWACS Early Warning Radar aircraft.

Q: What are the conditions for joining NATO? Which countries are eligible?

  • NATO has an open door policy with regard to expansion. Any European country in the event of advancing the principles of the Washington Treaty and contributing to security in the Euro-Atlantic region can become a member of the alliance at the invitation of the North Atlantic Council.
  • Countries seeking NATO membership are also expected to meet certain political, economic and military goals to ensure that they become beneficiaries of coalition security as well as its beneficiaries.
  • NATO’s Membership Action Plan (MAP) is designed to assist interested partner countries in their preparation by providing a framework that enables nato to deliver aid and practical support on all aspects of NATO membership.

Q: What are the official languages of NATO?

  • The two official languages of NATO are English and French.

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