National Digital Health Mission Pdf | UPSC | Objective | Features

National Digital Health Mission Pdf | UPSC | Objective | FeaturesThe National Digital Health Mission (NDHM) aims to develop the backbone necessary to support the integrated digital health infrastructure of the country. It will bridge the existing gap amongst different stakeholders of Healthcare ecosystem through digital highways.

National Digital Health Mission Pdf | UPSC | Objective | Features

Key Points : 

Scheme Name  National Digital health Mission
Launched By  Central Government
Prime Minister  Narendra Modi
Official Website  https://ndhm.gov.in/

What is the National Digital Health Mission?

  • It is a digital health ecosystem under which every Indian citizen will now have unique health IDs, digitised health records with identifiers for doctors and health facilities.
  • The Mission is expected to bring efficiency and transparency in healthcare services in the country.
  • The new scheme will come under the Ayushman Bharat Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana.

Key features:

  • It comprises six key building blocks — HealthID, DigiDoctor, Health Facility Registry, Personal Health Records, e-Pharmacy and Telemedicine.
  • The National Health Authority has been given the mandate to design, build, roll-out and implement the mission in the country.
  • The core building blocks of the mission is that the health ID, DigiDoctor and Health Facility Registry shall be owned, operated and maintained by the Government of India.
  • Private stakeholders will have an equal opportunity to integrate and create their own products for the market. The core activities and verifications, however, remain with the government.
  • Under the Mission, every Indian will get a Health ID card that will store all medical details of the person including prescriptions, treatment, diagnostic reports and discharge summaries.
  • The citizens will be able to give their doctors and health providers one-time access to this data during visits to the hospital for consultation.

NDHM Vission 

  • To create a national digital health ecosystem that supports universal health coverage in an efficient, accessible, inclusive, affordable, timely and safe manner, that provides a wide-range of data, information and infrastructure services, duly leveraging open, interoperable, standards-based digital systems, and ensures the security, confidentiality and privacy of health-related personal information.

NDHM Objectives :

  • To establish state-of-the-art digital health systems, to manage the core digital health data, and the infrastructure required for its seamless exchange;
  • To establish registries at appropriate level to create single source of truth in respect of clinical establishments, healthcare professionals, health workers, drugs and pharmacies;
  • To enforce adoption of open standards by all national digital health stakeholders;
  • To create a system of personal health records, based on international standards, easily accessible to individuals and healthcare professionals and services providers, based on individual’s informed consent;
  • To promote development of enterprise-class health application systems with a special focus on achieving the Sustainable Development Goals for health;
  • To adopt the best principles of cooperative federalism while working with the States and Union Territories for the realization of the vision;
  • To ensure that the healthcare institutions and professionals in the private sector participate actively with public health authorities in the building of the NDHM, through a combination of prescription and promotion;
  • To ensure national portability in the provision of health services;
  • To promote the use of clinical decision support (CDS) systems by health professionals and practitioners;
  • To promote a better management of the health sector leveraging health data analytics and medical research;
  • To provide for enhancing the efficiency and effectiveness of governance at all levels;
  • To support effective steps being taken for ensuring quality of healthcare; and
  • To strengthen existing health information systems, by ensuring their conformity with the defined standards and integration with the proposed NDHM.

NDHM Benefits For People :

  • The implementation of NDHM is expected to significantly improve the efficiency, effectiveness, and transparency of health service delivery overall.
  • Patients will be able to securely store and access their medical records (such as prescriptions, diagnostic reports and discharge summaries), and share them with health care providers to ensure appropriate treatment and follow-up.
  • They will also have access to more accurate information on health facilities and service providers. Further, they will have the option to access health services remotely through tele-consultation and e-pharmacy.
  • NDHM will empower individuals with accurate information to enable informed decision making and increase accountability of healthcare providers.
  • NDHM will provide choice to individuals to access both public and private health services, facilitate compliance with laid down guidelines and protocols, and ensure transparency in pricing of services and accountability for the health services being rendered.
  • Similarly, health care professionals across disciplines will have better access to patient’s medical history (with the necessary informed consent) for prescribing more appropriate and effective health interventions.
  • The integrated ecosystem will also enable better continuum of care.
  • NDHM will help digitize the claims process and enable faster reimbursement.
  • This will enhance the overall ease of providing services amongst the health care providers.
  • At the same time, policy makers and programme managers will have better access to data, enabling more informed decision making by the Government. Better quality of macro and micro-level data will enable advanced analytics, usage of health-biomarkers and better preventive healthcare.
  • It will also enable geography and demography-based monitoring and appropriate decision making to inform design and strengthen implementation of health programmes and policies.
  • Finally, researchers will greatly benefit from the availability of such aggregated information as they will be able to study and evaluate the effectiveness of various programmes and interventions.
  • NDHM would facilitate a comprehensive feedback loop between researchers, policymakers, and providers.

Frequently Asked Questions NDHM :

What is the National Digital Health Mission?

  • The National Digital Health Mission (NDHM), is a Government of India initiative, aimed at developing the backbone for a unified digital health infrastructure. Among other objectives, NDHM seeks to bridge the gap amongst multiple stakeholders that are a part of the healthcare ecosystem.

What are the benefits for registering in NDHM?

  • The implementation of NDHM is expected to significantly improve the efficiency, effectiveness, and transparency of health service delivery overall.
  • Patients will be able to securely store and access their medical records (such as prescriptions, diagnostic reports, and discharge summaries), and share them with health care providers to ensure appropriate treatment and follow-up.

I wish to register a grievance. What should I do?

  • Please register your grievance on grievance.ndhm.gov.in or call at our toll free number 1800-11-4477 / 14477 or you may send your grievance via post on given below address

How to become a part of the NDHM Ecosystem?

  • If you are an integrator who would like to be a part of the ecosystem, kindly register for Sandbox access here https://sandbox.ndhm.gov.in/

Who can enroll on NDHM?

  • Currently it is rolled out in six Union Territories only i.e., Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Chandigarh, Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu, Ladakh, Lakshadweep and Puducherry.
  • We are working on rolling this out nationally.

Is enrolling on NDHM compulsory?

  • No. Participating in NDHM is completely voluntary.

Are my health records safe and secure on NDHM Systems?

  • NDHM does not store any of your health records.
  • Your health records are stored with healthcare information providers as per their retention policies and are shared over the NDHM network with encryption mechanisms only after your express consent.

Is there a fee involved for registration in NDHM systems?

  • There is no fee for registration in the NDHM systems.

How will my data be used by the government?

  • Anonymous records can be used by the government to make data driven public policy decisions.
  • However, no individual’s information and health data shall be shared without their consent.

Will my records be shared with other doctors or health facility without my permission?

  • No, your records will be shared with the doctor or health facility only after your consent.
  • In your consent you can customize and edit the permissions in terms of duration, type of records visible.

Can I opt out of NDHM ecosystem?

  • The user will have the option to deactivate/reactivate/delete the health ID/PHR address

 

 

 

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