List of the Least Developed Countries In the World 2022 – Latest Updated

List of the Least Developed Countries In the World 2022 – Latest Updated – Since 1971, the United Nations has recognized least developed countries (LDCs) as a category of states that, for structural, historical and even geographical reasons, are considered to be at a serious disadvantage in their development process. They are the poorest and most vulnerable countries in the world. PM Kisan eKYC List , Beneficiary List, Documents List Required

What Is Least Developed Country ? 

Least Developed Countries (LDCs) are a group of countries that have been classified by the United Nations as “least developed” in terms of their low gross national income (GNIs), their vulnerable human assets and their high level of economic vulnerability.

  • According to the UN, LDCs are at risk of slipping into more poverty than other countries and living in an underdeveloped state.
  • They are caught in the vicious cycle of poverty or the cycle of poverty, the trap of poverty.
  • More than 75 per cent of the LDC population is still living in poverty.

 List of the Least Developed Countries In the World

List of the Least Developed Countries In the World 2022 – 47 Countries

Country Population GNI per capita Human Asset Index Health Index Educational Index
Afghanistan 38.9 M 500 USD 42.0 49.7 34.3
Angola 32.9 M 2,140 USD 52.0 57.1 46.8
Bangladesh 164.7 M 2,030 USD 75.3 72.1 78.6
Benin 12.1 M 1,280 USD 49.4 53.2 45.6
Bhutan 0.8 M 2,840 USD 79.5 77.6 81.5
Burkina Faso 20.9 M 770 USD 56.0 59.8 52.1
Burma 54.4 M 1,350 USD 73.9 70.5 77.4
Burundi 11.9 M 230 USD 53.9 42.1 65.6
Cambodia 16.7 M 1,500 USD 74.3 74.0 74.6
Central African Republic 4.8 M 500 USD 27.4 31.4 23.3
Chad 16.4 M 630 USD 18.3 25.4 11.3
Comoros 0.9 M 1,400 USD 67.2 67.7 66.7
Democratic Republic of the Congo 89.6 M 550 USD 47.9 46.0 49.8
Djibouti 1.0 M 3,310 USD 61.9 62.6 61.2
East Timor 1.3 M 1,990 USD 69.5 58.2 80.8
Eritrea 3.5 M 600 USD 57.2 49.2 65.2
Ethiopia 115.0 M 890 USD 55.3 58.2 52.3
Gambia 2.4 M 750 USD 63.8 65.5 62.2
Guinea 13.1 M 1,020 USD 39.8 47.7 32.0
Guinea-Bissau 2.0 M 760 USD 44.0 50.4 37.6
Haiti 11.4 M 1,320 USD 66.2 63.9 68.5
Kiribati 0.1 M 2,960 USD 81.5 80.8 82.2
Laos 7.3 M 2,520 USD 72.8 68.6 77.0
Lesotho 2.1 M 1,100 USD 62.6 49.6 75.5
Liberia 5.1 M 570 USD 45.2 49.1 41.2
Madagascar 27.7 M 470 USD 60.7 56.7 64.6
Malawi 19.1 M 580 USD 55.5 60.5 50.5
Mali 20.3 M 830 USD 45.6 51.6 39.6
Mauritania 4.6 M 1,670 USD 54.1 51.3 56.9
Mozambique 31.3 M 460 USD 53.9 55.1 52.7
Nepal 29.1 M 1,190 USD 74.9 71.5 78.4
Niger 24.2 M 550 USD 35.6 42.2 29.1
Rwanda 13.0 M 780 USD 67.6 67.7 67.5
Sao Tome and Principe 0.2 M 2,060 USD 89.4 85.9 92.9
Senegal 16.7 M 1,430 USD 66.4 74.0 58.7
Sierra Leone 8.0 M 510 USD 41.7 32.0 51.3
Solomon Islands 0.7 M 2,300 USD 73.8 77.3 70.3
Somalia 15.9 M 420 USD 24.3 38.5 10.0
South Sudan 11.2 M 460 USD 22.0 31.8 12.2
Sudan 43.8 M 530 USD 61.9 61.1 62.8
Tanzania 59.7 M 1,080 USD 61.1 57.1 65.0
Togo 8.3 M 920 USD 58.8 63.0 54.6
Tuvalu 0.0 M 5,820 USD 82.8 89.6 75.9
Uganda 45.7 M 800 USD 57.8 65.2 50.3
Vanuatu 0.3 M 3,190 USD 77.5 77.5 77.5
Yemen 29.8 M 910 USD 57.7 62.0 53.5
Zambia 18.4 M 1,160 USD 67.1 63.5 70.7

Definition and Criteria :

  • By 1990, countries were classified mainly on the basis of their average per capita income, but industrial growth and literacy rates. There were changes in this assessment in 1991 and again in 2009.

As the situation currently stands, a least developed country meets the following conditions:

  • The average income in the 3-year average is less than US$992.
  • There must be less than 75 million inhabitants in the least developed country, although exceptions have been made here, e.g. Ethiopia and Bangladesh.
  • The food situation in the country should be particularly harsh based on the Human Assets Index (HAI).
  • This includes statistics on nutrition, infant mortality and education.
  • The Economic Vulnerability Index (EVI) is a united nations-generated measure of economic vulnerability.
  • It identifies particularly vulnerable states.
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