List Of All 28 States of India With Capital, Languages 2022 – Latest List

List Of All 28 States of India With Capital, Languages 2022 – Latest List Of All States And Their Capital, Official Languages For Upcoming Exams. At present there are a total of 28 states and 8 Union Territories in India. Every state in India has an administrative, legislative and judicial capital, some states all three functions are held in one capital. Every state is ruled by a chief minister. Here we have covered the list of Indian states, Union Territories and their capitals. Out of all the states, three states i.e. Himachal Pradesh, Maharashtra and Uttarakhand have separate capitals for their summer and winter sessions of the Assembly.

State Reorganization Act 1956 : 

  • The States Reorganisation Act, enacted in 1956, was a major force in reorganising the margins of Indian states on semantic grounds.
  • Later, according to an amendment to the Indian Constitution, three types of states, known as Part A States, Part B States and Part C States, were transformed into one type of State.
  • India, a union of states, is a sovereign, secular, democratic, republic with a parliamentary system of government.
  • The President is the constitutional head of the Executive of the Union.
  • The Governor in the State, as the representative of the President, is the head of the Executive.
  • There are 28 states and 8 union territories in the country. Below is a list of 28 states of India.
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  • Part A: States belong to former governors’ regions of British India.
  • Part B: States belong to former royal states
  • Part C: States involved both the former chief commissioner’s provinces and some princely states.

List Of All 28 States of India

List Of All 28 States of India With Capital, Languages 2022 – Latest List

States Name Capital Founded on Official Languages
Andhra Pradesh Amaravati 1 Nov. 1956 Telugu
Arunachal Pradesh Itanagar 20 Feb. 1987 English
Assam Dispur 26 Jan. 1950 Assamese
Bihar Patna 22 Mar. 1912 Hindi
Chhattisgarh Raipur 1 Nov. 2000 Chhattisgarhi
Goa Panaji 30 May. 1987 Konkani
Gujarat Gandhinagar 1 May. 1960 Gujarati
Haryana Chandigarh 1 Nov. 1966 Hindi
Himachal Pradesh Shimla 25 Jan. 1971 Hindi
Jharkhand Ranchi 15 Nov. 2000 Hindi
Karnataka Bengaluru 1 Nov. 1956 Kannada
Kerala Thiruvananthapuram 1 Nov. 1956 Malayalam
Madhya Pradesh Bhopal 1 Nov. 1956 Hindi
Maharashtra Mumbai 1 May. 1960 Marathi
Manipur Imphal 21 Jan. 1972 Meiteilon (Manipuri)
Meghalaya Shillong 21 Jan. 1972 Garo, Khasi, Pnar & English
Mizoram Aizawl 20 Feb. 1987 Mizo
Nagaland Kohima 1 Dec. 1963 English
Odisha Bhubaneswar 26 Jan. 1950 Odia
Punjab Chandigarh 1 Nov. 1966 Punjabi
Rajasthan Jaipur 1 Nov. 1956 Hindi
Sikkim Gangtok 16 May. 1975 Nepali
Tamil Nadu Chennai 26 Jan. 1950 Tamil
Telangana Hyderabad 2 Jun. 2014 Telugu
Tripura Agartala 21 Jan. 1972 Bengali & Kokborok
Uttar Pradesh Lucknow 26 Jan. 1950 Hindi
Uttarakhand Dehradun 9 Nov. 2000 Hindi
West Bengal Kolkata 1 Nov. 1956 Bengali

List of Union Territories of India

No. Union Territories Of India Capital
1 Andaman and Nicobar Islands Port Blair
2 Chandigarh Chandigarh
3 Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu Daman
4 Delhi New Delhi
5 Jammu and Kashmir Srinagar
6 Lakshadweep Kavaratti
7 Ladakh Leh
8 Puducherry Pondicherry

Understanding States and Capitals & Union Territories :

States of India Union Territories
States are defined as administrative units with a democratically elected government. The Union governs a small administrative unit known as Union Territory.
Administered by the State Legislature: Governor, Chief Minister & Council of Ministers Administered by the Central Government through Lieutenant Governors & Administrators.
Relation with Centre is Federal in character Relation with Centre is Unitary in character
Chief Minister is the executive head Lieutenant is the executive head

FAQ’S On 28 States and Capitals of India :

1. How many States are there in India?

  • There are 28 States in India at present, 2021.

2. How many Union Territories are there in India?

  • There are 8 Union Territories in India at present, 2021.

3. What are the lastest updates on the Union Territories of India?

  • Daman & Diu got merged with Dadar & Nagar Haveli in 2020
  • Jammu & Kashmir, and Ladakh became two new Union Territories of India in 2019

4. What is the capital of India?

  • New Delhi is the national capital of India.

5. Which is the smallest Indian state by area?

  • Goa is the smallest smallest state in India by area.

6. Which is the smallest Union Territory of India?

  • Lakshwadeep is the smallest Union Territory of India.

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