IUCN Red List India Pdf Download For UPSC Prelims 2021-22

IUCN Red List India Pdf Download –Endangered , Extinct Species India -The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, founded in 1964, is the world’s most comprehensive inventory of the global conservation status of biological species.

  • When discussing the IUCN Red List, the official term “threatened” is a grouping of three categories: Critically Endangered, Endangered, and Vulnerable.
  • The pink pages in this publication include the critically endangered species. As the status of the species changes, new pages are sent to the subscribers.
  • Green pages are used for those species that were formerly endangered, but have now recovered to a point where they are no longer threatened.
  • With passing time, the number of pink pages continue to increase. There are pitifully few green pages.

Species are classified by the IUCN Red List into nine groups -IUCN Red List India Pdf Download –Endangered , Extinct Species India

  • Extinct (EX) – No known individuals remaining.
  • Extinct in the wild (EW) – Known only to survive in captivity, or as a naturalized population outside its historic range.
  • Critically endangered (CR) – Extremely high risk of extinction in the wild.

Endangered species in india pdf 2017

Criteria -IUCN Red List India Pdf Download –Endangered , Extinct Species India

IUCN Red List India Pdf Download –Endangered , Extinct Species India

  • reduction in population (> 90% over the last 10 years),
  • population size (number less than 50 mature individuals),
  • quantitative analysis showing the probability of extinction in wild in at least 50% in their 10 years) and
  • it is therefore considered to be facing an extremely high risk of extinction in the wild.
  • Endangered (EN) – High risk of extinction in the wild.
  • Vulnerable (VU) – High risk of endangerment in the wild.
  • Near threatened (NT) – Likely to become endangered in the near future.
  • Least concern (LC) – Lowest risk. Does not qualify for a more at-risk category. Widespread and abundant taxa are included in this category.
  • Data deficient (DD) – Not enough data to make an assessment of its risk of extinction.
  • Not evaluated (NE) – Has not yet been evaluated against the criteria.

2015 IUCN Red List India

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IUCN Red List India Pdf Download –Endangered , Extinct Species India

  • India has 988 species on IUCN ‘Red List’ as of 2015.
  • India has added 15 more species to the “Red List” of threatened species [973 in 2014].
  • The list contains critically endangered, endangered and vulnerable species.
  • Every year This List will be increasing .

IUCN Red List India Pdf Download –Endangered , Extinct Species India

Species Details Image

Himalayan Brown/Red Bear (Ursus arctos isabellinus)

  • Distribution: Nepal, Tibet, north India, and north Pakistan.
  • Threats: loss of suitable habitat and persecution by humans.
IUCN Red List India Pdf Download –Endangered , Extinct Species India

Pygmy Hog (Porcula salvania)

  • Is the world’s smallest wild pig. This species constructs a nest throughout the year.
  • It is one of the most useful indicators of the management status of grassland habitats.
  • The grasslands where the pygmy hog resides are crucial for the survival of other threatened species such as Indian Rhinoceros, Swamp Deer, Wild Buffalo, Hispid Hare, Bengal Florican and Swamp Francolin.
  • Habitat: Relatively undisturbed, tall ‘terai’ grasslands.
  • Distribution: Previously spread across India, Nepal, and Bhutan. Now only found in Assam (Manas Wildlife Sanctuary and its buffer reserves).
  • Pygmy hog-sucking Louse (Haematopinus oliveri), a parasite that feeds only on Pygmy Hogs will also fall in the same risk category of critically endangered as its survival is linked to that of the host species.
  • Threats: The main threats are loss and degradation of grasslands, dry-season burning, livestock grazing and afforestation of grasslands. Hunting is also a threat.
pygmy hog

Andaman White-toothed Shrew (Crocidura andamanensis)

  • Distribution: It is endemic to the South Andaman Island of India.
  • They are usually active by twilight or in the night.
  • Threats: Habitat loss due to selective logging, natural disasters such as tsunami and drastic weather change are thought to contribute to current population declines.

Kondana Rat (Millardia kondana)

  • Distribution: Known only from the small Sinhagarh Plateau (about one km2), near Pune in Maharashtra.
  • It is a nocturnal burrowing rodent that is found only in India.
  • Habitat: Tropical and subtropical dry deciduous forests and tropical scrub.
  • Threats: Major threats are habitat loss, overgrazing of vegetation and disturbance from tourism and recreational activities.

Large Rock Rat or Elvira Rat (Cremnomys elvira)

  • It is a medium sized, nocturnal and burrowing rodent endemic to India.
  • Habitat: Tropical dry deciduous shrub land forest, seen in rocky areas.
  • Habitat/distribution: Known only from Eastern Ghats of Tamil Nadu. Recorded from an elevation of about 600 m above mean sea level.
  • Threats: Major threats are habitat loss, conversion of forests and fuel wood collection.

Namdapha Flying Squirrel (Biswamoyopterus biswasi)

  • It is a unique (the only one in its genus) flying squirrel that is restricted to a single valley in the Namdapha N.P. (or) W.L.S. in Arunachal Pradesh.
  • Habitat: Tropical forest.
  • Habitat/distribution: Found only in Namdapha Tiger Reserve in Arunachal Pradesh.
  • Threats: Hunted for food.

Malabar Civet (Viverra civettina)

  • It is endemic to India and was first reported from Travancore, Kerala.
  • It is nocturnal in nature and found exclusively in the Western Ghats.
  • Habitat: Wooded plains and hill slopes of evergreen rainforests.
  • Habitat/distribution: Western Ghats.
  • Threats: Deforestation and commercial plantations are major threats.

Sumatran Rhinoceros (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis)

  • It is the smallest and most endangered of the five rhinoceros species.
  • It is now thought to be regionally extinct in India, though it once occurred in the foothills of the Himalayas and north-east India.
  • The Javan Rhinoceros (Rhinoceros sondaicus) is also believed to be extinct in India and only a small number survive in Java and Vietnam.
  • Threat: Poaching, loss of habitat.

Kashmir stag/hangul (Cervus elaphus hanglu)

  • It subspecies of Red Deer which is native to India.
  • Habitat: Dense riverine forests, high valleys, and mountains of the Kashmir valley and northern Chamba in Himachal Pradesh.
  • State animal of Jammu and Kashmir.
  • Threat: habitat destruction, over-grazing by domestic livestock, and poaching.
kasmiri tag


IUCN Red List India Pdf Download – Endangered , Extinct Species India


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