India Republic Day 2022 Speech Pdf | Why We Celebrate, History, Essay

India Republic Day 2020 Speech Pdf | Why We Celebrate, History, Essay And Chief Guest Of 71st Republic Day of India . Republic Day Is Celebrated Every year on 26 January . Every Year We Celebrate Independence Day on 15th August  And Republic Day on 26 January. On 15th August We Got Freedom From British And On 26th January India Became Republic By Implementing Constitution Of India .This day celebrates the anniversary of the Constitution of India and the transition of India from a British Dominion to a republic on 26th January, 1950.

Republic Day is celebrated with a great pride and enthusiasm throughout India Every year On 26 January . Every year on this day a grand parade is held in New Delhi. The parade starts from the Raisina Hill near the Rashtrapati Bhavan (President’s Palace), along the Rajpath, India Gate and on to the Red Fort.

The different regiments of the Army, the Air Force and the Navy participate in the parade with all their finery and official decorations. Almost Every State Of India Also Participate On this Day By Showing Their State Tableau . The President of India, who is the Commander-in-Chief of the Indian Armed Forces, takes the salute and addresses the nation.

India Republic Day 2020 Speech Pdf | Why We Celebrate, History, Essay

Prime Minister Narendra Modi Speech On Republic Day 2020 Pdf

  • Prime Minister Of India Speech Will be available On 26 January 2020 On This Link – PM Modi Speech .
  • “As we move towards a new India] we have to ensure that no person, no region is left behind,” PM Modi said, adding that that was the idea behind the Republic Day parade as well. 
  • When Addressing NCC Cadets In New Delhi Before 71st Republic Day Said above Line .

71st Republic Day Highlights 26th January 2020

Day of Celebration  Republic Day
Date  26 January 2020
Which Republic Day  71st Republic Day
Location  New Delhi
Prime Minister   Narendra Modi
President  Ram Nath kovind
Chief Guest Of Republic Day  Brazil’s President Jair Messias Bolsonaro
Day  Sunday


Chief guest of republic day 2020 in India

  • Brazil’s President Jair Messias Bolsonaro will be the chief guest On Republic Day Parade 2020 on the Rajpath in New Delhi on 26 January 2020 .
  • This will be the third time that a Brazilian president will grace the Republic Day Parade.
  • Previous instances were in 1996 and 2004 were Invited As Chief Guest Of India .

List of all Chief Guests on Indian Republic Day Parades (1950–2020)

Year Guest Name Country
1950 President Sukarno Indonesia
1951 King Tribhuvan Bir Bikram Shah  Nepal
1952 No invitation  —
1953 No invitation  —
1954 King Jigme Dorji Wangchuck Bhutan
1955 Governor General Malik Ghulam Muhammad Pakistan
1956 Chancellor of the Exchequer R. A. Butler

Chief Justice Kotaro Tanaka

 United Kingdom


1957 Minister of Defence Georgy Zhukov  Soviet Union
1958 Marshall Ye Jianying China
1959 Duke of Edinburgh Prince Philip  United Kingdom
1960 President Kliment Voroshilov USSR
1961 Queen Elizabeth II United Kingdom
1962 Prime Minister Viggo Kampmann  Denmark
1963 King Norodom Sihanouk Cambodia
1964 Chief of Defence Staff Lord Louis Mountbatten  United Kingdom
1965 Food and Agriculture Minister Rana Abdul Hamid Pakistan
1966 No invitation  No invitation
1967 King Mohammed Zahir Shah  Afghanistan
1968 Prime Minister Alexei Kosygin USSR
President Josip Broz Tito SFR Yugoslavia
1969 Prime Minister of Bulgaria Todor Zhivkov Bulgaria
1970 King of the Belgians Baudouin  Belgium
1971 President Julius Nyerere Tanzania
1972 Prime Minister Seewoosagur Ramgoolam Mauritius
1973 President Mobutu Sese Seko Zaire
1974 President Josip Broz Tito SFR Yugoslavia
Prime Minister Sirimavo Ratwatte Dias Bandaranaike Sri Lanka
1975 President Kenneth Kaunda Zambia
1976 Prime Minister Jacques Chirac France
1977 First Secretary Edward Gierek Poland
1978 President Patrick Hillery Ireland
1979 Prime Minister Malcolm Fraser Australia
1980 President Valéry Giscard d’Estaing France
1981 President José López Portillo Mexico
1982 King Juan Carlos I Spain
1983 President Shehu Shagari Nigeria
1984 King Jigme Singye Wangchuck Bhutan
1985 President Raúl Alfonsín Argentina
1986 Prime Minister Andreas Papandreou Greece
1987 President Alan García Peru
1988 President Junius Jayewardene Sri Lanka
1989 General Secretary Nguyen Van Linh Viet Nam
1990 Prime Minister Anerood Jugnauth Mauritius
1991 President Maumoon Abdul Gayoom Maldives
1992 President Mário Soares Portugal
1993 Prime Minister John Major United Kingdom
1994 Prime Minister Goh Chok Tong Singapore
1995 President Nelson Mandela South Africa
1996 President Dr. Fernando Henrique Cardoso Brazil
1997 Prime Minister Basdeo Panday Trinidad and Tobago
1998 President Jacques Chirac France
1999 King Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev Nepal
2000 President Olusegun Obasanjo Nigeria
2001 President Abdelaziz Bouteflika Algeria
2002 President Cassam Uteem Mauritius
2003 President Mohammed Khatami Iran
2004 President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva Brazil
2005 King Jigme Singye Wangchuck Bhutan
2006 King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz al-Saud[ Saudi Arabia
2007 President Vladimir Putin Russia
2008 President Nicolas Sarkozy France
2009 President Nursultan Nazarbayev Kazakhstan
2010 President Lee Myung Bak Republic of Korea
2011 President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono Indonesia
2012 Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra Thailand
2013 King of Bhutan Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck Bhutan
2014 Prime Minister Shinzo Abe Japan
2015 President Barack Obama United States
2016 President François Hollande France
2017 Crown Prince Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed United Arab Emirates
2018 Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah

Joko Widodo

Thongloun Sisoulith

Prime Minister Hun Sen

Najib Razak

President Htin Kyaw

Rodrigo Roa Duterte

Halimah Yacob

Prayuth Chan-ocha

Nguyễn Xuân Phúc











2019 President Cyril Ramaphosa South Africa
2020 President Jair Bolsonaro Brazil


Beating Retreat Ceremony

  • Beating Ceremony Is A End Of Four Day Long Republic Day Celebration .
  • Beating Ceremony Is Held On 29th January Every year .
  • It takes place at Vijay Chowk every year.
  • ”Beating Retreat” marks a centuries-old military tradition, when the troops ceased fighting, sheathed their arms and withdrew from the battlefield and returned to the camps at sunset at the sounding of the Retreat.
  • The ceremony begins with the arrival of the President, Ram Nath Kovind guarded by his well decorated bodyguards.
  • The ceremony witnesses the spectacular performances by the bands of the Indian Armed Forces which includes tunes like “Abide with me”, “Sare Jahan se Achha”, “Kadam Kadam Badhaye Jaa” etc including various other tunes wrapped with the patriotic fervour.
  • Defence forces who come to the capital as a part of Republic Day celebrations are sent back to their barracks by the President, which is what Beating Retreat Ceremony is all about.

Why do we celebrate Republic Day in India?

  • Republic Day is celebrated annually as it is the anniversary of the day India became an independent republic.
  • Though India’s declaration of Independence was signed on 15th August 1947, the constitution which was written for independent India came into the effect on January 26, 1950.
  • After That India Became Republic Of India .

Who Started Republic Day?

  • No Body Started Republic Day . Republic Day is Celebrated Every year On 26  January . India Became Republic Of India On 26 January 1950 When Constitution Of India Was Implemented In India ,
  • At That Time President Of India Was Dr Rajendra Prasad And Prime Minister Was Jawahar Lal Nehru.

Which Republic Day we are celebrating this year? 

  • On 26 January 2020 India is Celebrating 71st Republic Day of India .
  • India Get Republic On 26 January 1950.

History and Importance of Republic Day of India

India Was Ruled By British government Till 15 August 1947 When India Get Freedom From British . With India Freedom , India Was Divided In to two Parts One is India And Another one Is Pakistan . But india Was Still Under Monarch Of British Government And Ele Mountbatten Because At that Time India Did Not Have Own Law or Constitution .

So We Can Say India Was Still Governed By British Law. Now There Was a Urgent Need of India Own Constitution For Which Indian Government Appoint a Drafting Committee Under Dr Bhim Rao Ambedkar . This Committee Prepare India Constitution In 2 Year 11 Month And 18 Days .

The committee worked tirelessly for many months and submitted their first draft of the Constitution on November 4, 1947 to the Constituent Assembly. It took exactly 2 years, 11 months and 18 days to finally adopt the Constitution with the necessary amendments.

Though the Constitution of India was adopted on 26 November, 1949 by the Constituent Assembly of India it became was formally made effective on 26 January, 1950.


It was during in 1929 during the Indian National Congress’ (INC) Lahore Session that a demand for complete independence was made in the history of India’s freedom struggle from the British rule. This was followed by January 26, 1930 being announced as the Purna Swaraj Diwas (complete Independence Day).

To honour this important day in India’s freedom movement, our Constitution was adopted on January 26, 1950.


These are the facts that should know About Indian Republic Day

  • At first, January 26th, 1930 was celebrated as India’s Independence Day or Purna Swaraj Day. This is the day that India decided to fight for full independence.
  • Indian Constitution came into effect (officially into a legal circulation) on 26th of January in 1950, at 10:18 am after which India became a Republic country.
  • The first Republic Day was celebrated three years after Independence Day i.e. 26th January, 1950.
  • Before the Constitution was drafted, India followed British Government’s Government of India Act 1935.
  • Dr. B.R. Ambedkar is known as the father of the constitution because he drafted the constitution.
  • Indian Constitution is only calligraphed and not printed and only 1000 copies are written till date.
  • There are two hand-written copies of the constitution- one in English and the other one in Hindi.
  • The first every Republic Day Parade happened in 1955 at Rajpath.
  • A majority of national awards such as Bharat Ratna, Padma Bhushan and Kirti Chakra are awarded during the Republic Day ceremony.
  • On Republic Day, 1965, the Hindi language was declared as the national language of India.
  • The chief guest on republic day celebration, 1961 was Queen Elizabeth from Britain.


Republic Day Parade 2020 ticket Sales:

The sale of tickets for Republic Day Parade 2020 and Beating Retreat (Full Dress Rehearsal) commenced from 7th January 2020.

Event Denomination of tickets
Republic Day Parade Rs 500, Rs 100, Rs 20
Beating Retreat (Full Dress Rehearsal) Rs 50 and Rs 20


Location of ticket sales counters are as follows:

  • North Block Roundabout
  • Sena Bhavan (Gate no. 2)
  • Pragati Maidan (Gate no. 1)
  • Jantar Mantar (Main Gate)
  • Jamnagar House (Opposite India Gate)
  • Shastri Bhavan (Near Gate no. 3)
  • Red Fort (inside August 15 park and opposite Jain Temple)
  • Parliament House (Reception Office)

Important Information 

  • From 7th January 2020 to 25th January 2020 the tickets will be sold at the locations mentioned above from 10 am to 12.30 pm and from 2 pm to 4.30 pm.
  • From 23rd January to 25th January 2020, one ticket counter at Sena Bhavan will remain open till 7 pm.
  • On 23rd January 2020 all ticket counters will open only in the afternoon on account of full Dress Rehearsal.
  • On 26th January 2020 all ticket counters will remain closed on account of Republic Day parade.

Republic Day 2020 Quiz: How Well Do You Know India

Q1. Who was the Chairman of the drafting committee of the Constitution of India?
Q2. Who was the first President of India?
Q3. How many spokes does the Ashok Chakra have?
Q4. Who was the first Prime Minister of India?
Q5. Who was the designer of the Indian National Flag?
Q6. Who is the Chief Guest for 71st Republic Day Parade?
Q7. Who takes the salute of the armed forces on the parade held on Rajpath?
Q8. In which year did the Constitution of India come into force?
Q9. Who was the first vice-president of independent India?
Q10. When is the Indian Constitution Day?


Answers of All Above Quiz Given Here 

  1. Dr Bhim Rao Ambedkar
  2. Dr Rajendra Prasad
  3. 24
  4. Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru
  5. Pingali Venkayya
  6. President of Brazil Jair Messias Bolsonaro
  7. The President of India
  8. 1950
  9. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
  10. November 26.


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