Haryana General Knowledge PDF For HPSC HCS 2021 In English & Hindi

Haryana General Knowledge PDF – Haryana GK for HSSCHaryana is one of the 29 states in India, situated in North India. It was a part of the larger Punjab region and was carved out of the former state of East Punjab on 1 November 1966 on the basis of linguistic basis. It stands 21st in terms of its area which is spread about 44,212 km2 (17,070 sq mi).

  • Capital: Chandigarh
  • Chief Minister: Shri Manohar Lal Khattar
  • Governor: Satyadev Narayan Arya
  • Haryana Day: 1st November
  • Haryana’s highest mountain range: Karoh Peak (Morni Hills)
  • High Court of Punjab & Haryana, Chandigarh is the High Court of the state of Haryana.
  • Total Districts: 22
Haryana General Knowledge PDF For HPSC HCS 2021
Haryana General Knowledge PDF For HPSC HCS 2021

Some Key Facts About Haryana 2021 | Haryana General Knowledge PDF

  • Shares boundary with states:  on the northwest by the state of Punjab and the union territory of Chandigarh, on the north and northeast by the states of Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand, on the east by the state of Uttar Pradesh and the union territory of Delhi, and on the south and southwest by the state of Rajasthan.
  • Total Number of districts: 22
  • Tehsils – 93
  • Sub-tehsils- 50 
  • Blocks – 140
  • Cities – 154
  • Number of districts at the formation time: Seven
  • Total forest area of Haryana: 6.49% of its total area covered by forests
  • Largest city of Haryana in terms of population: Faridabad
  • Largest City area wise: Bhiwani (Area- 5,140 sq km)
  • Official Language: Hindi / Punjabi
  • Local language spoken: Haryanvi (Dialect)
  • Number of divisions: Six Divisions (Gurgaon, Ambala, Rohtak, Karnal, Hisar, Faridabad)
  • Districts in Gurugram division: Gurugram, Rewari, Mahendargarh

Districts in Ambala division:

  • Ambala
  • Yamunanagar
  • Panchkula
  • Kurukashetra.

Districts in Rohtak division:

  • Rohtak
  • Jhajjar
  • Sonipat
  • Bhiwani
  • Charkhi Dadri.

Districts in Hisar division:

  • Hisar
  • Fatehabad
  • Sirsa
  • Jind.

Some Key Facts About Haryana 2021

  • First governor of Haryana: Dharma Vira
  • First Chief minister of Haryana: Bhagwat Dayal Sharma (1 Nov, 1966 – 23 March, 1967)
  • Haryana’s longest-serving chief minister: Bansi Lal
  • Assembly seats in Haryana:90
  • Lok Sabha seats in Haryana: 10
  • Rajya Sabha seats in Haryana: 5
  • The State animal of Haryana: Blackbuck
  • The State bird of Haryana: Black francolin
  • The State tree of Haryana: Peepal Tree
  • The State flower of Haryana:Lotus
  • District of Haryana which is known as Sripad Janapad: Kurukshetra
  • District of Haryana which is Known as ‘Bowl of Rice’: Karnal

 

Haryana General Knowledge PDF : Important Rivers and Dams of Haryana

1 Yamuna River
2 Ghaggar River
3 Saraswati River
4 Tohana River
5 Dangri River
6 Krishnavati river
7 Sahibi River
8 Markanda river

Haryana GK: Important Lakes of Haryana

Lakes Located In /Near By Remark
Damdma Lake Gurugram Damdama Lake is one of the biggest natural lakes in Haryana
Sultanpur Lake Gurugram
Kotla Lake Nuh, Mewat Natural lake
Badkhal Lake Faridabad Natural lake
 Karnal Lake Karnal Manmade lake
Sukhna Lake Chandigarh Manmade lake made by damming the Sukhna Choe Stream

Haryana GK: Important Thermal, Nuclear and Hydroelectricity Power Plants

Name of Power Plant Type Location Remark
Rajiv Gandhi Thermal Power Station Thermal Khedar, Hissar Coal-fired power plant
Deen Bandhu Chhotu Ram Thermal Power Station Thermal Yamunanagar Coal-fired power plant
Panipat Thermal Power Station Thermal Panipat Coal-fired power plant
Faridabad Thermal Power Station Thermal Faridabad Gas Based power plant
Panipat Thermal Power Station Thermal Panipat Coal-fired power plant
Mahatma Gandhi Super Thermal Power Project Thermal Jhajjar Coal-fired power plant

Haryana GK: Important National Parks, Bird and Wildlife Sanctuary

Name Location
Sultanpur National Park & Bird Sanctuary Gurugram
Kalesar National Park & wildlife Sanctuary Yamunanagar , Largest forest in Haryana
Bhindawas Wildlife & Bird Sanctuary Jhajjar
Khaparwas Wildlife Bird Sanctuary Jhajjar
Nahar Wildlife Sanctuary Rewari
Chhilchhila Wildlife Bird Sanctuary Kurukshetra
Saraswati (Seonsar Forest) Wildlife Sanctuary Kaithal, 3rd largest forest in haryana
Abubshahar Wildlife Sanctuary Sirsa
Khol Hi-Raitan Wildlife Sanctuary Panchkula
Bir Shikargah Wildlife Sanctuary Panchkula
Bir Bara Ban Wildlife Sanctuary Jind
  • Haryana is a landlocked state in the northwest of India and was carved out of the Indian State of Punjab on 1st November 1966.
  • Haryana has the total geographical area of 44.212 km2. (1.4% of the geographical area of the country)
  • Haryana is bounded by Punjab and Himachal Pradesh to the North and by Rajasthan to the west and south.
  • River Yamuna defines its eastern border with Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh.
  • It surrounds Delhi on three sides, forming the northern, western and southern borders of Delhi.
  • Almost 1/3 of the total area of the state falls in the National Capital Region.
  • It’s an agrarian state whereas 85% of its area is under cultivation, engaging about 78% of its population in agriculture. 
  • Haryana is a plain area except some hills of Shivalik in the northern and Aravalli system in the southern parts of the state.
  • The climate of the state is subtropical, semi-arid to semi-humid, continental and monsoon type.
  • Average rainfall of state is 560 mm which varies as follows-
  • 300 mm in south-western parts
  • 1000 mm in the hilly tracks of Shivalik hills (Wettest area)
  • About 80% of the rainfall occurs in the monsoon season (south-west monsoon) during the months of July and September.
  • The Aravalli hills region is the driest place of the state as per rainfall distribution.
  • Winter months have average temperatures in the range 3 Degree Centigrade to 9 Degree Centigrade.
  • Summer months have higher average temperatures in the range of 48 Degree Centigrade to 35 Degree Centigrade.
  • Soil in Haryana is formed almost entirely of alluvium.
  • The state is situated towards the depression of the rivers Ganges and Indus.
  • The alluvium is of the old type containing sand, clay, slit and hard calcareous concentrations about the size of the nuts known as ‘Kankars’.
  • In the south-western part, a great deal of wind-blown sand has been piled up in the form of sand dunes.

Soils of various districts In Haryana

Panipat  Panipat is entirely covered by old and new alluvium deposits of quaternary to recent age, which consist of clay and sand.
Sonepat Sonipat is almost covered by the alluvial deposits of clay, loam, silt and sand brought down by river Yamuna. (also consist of high grade silica sand)
Rohtak Rohtak district consists of alluvium, loam, coarse loam as the district is a part of indo-Gangetic alluvial plain.
Rewari Rewari district soil fall under Entisols and Inceptisols orders. The surface soil texture varies from sand to fine loamy sand.
Gurugram Gurgaon district comprises of sand dunes, sandy plains, alluvial plains, salt affected areas, low lands, lake, hills and pediments.
Mewat In Mewat district soils are generally sandy loam to loam. The upper hills are mostly barren.
Faridabad Faridabad and Palwal district comprises of recent Yamuna flood plains, low lying plains, depressions, sand dunes and hills.

 

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