Complete List of 49 Ramsar Sites in India State Wise 2022, Latest Updated

Complete List of 49 Ramsar Sites in India State wise 2022, Latest Updated – The term Ramsar was coined when the International Treaty for the Conservation and Sustainable Use of Wetlands was signed by UNESCO in 1971 in the city of Iran called Ramsar which came into force in 1975. February 2 is celebrated as International Wetlands Day because the Ramsar Convention was signed on February 2, 1971. It is also known as the Convention on Wetlands.

February 2 every year is World Wetlands Day. The number of parties to the Convention (COP) is 171 (as of May 2021). As of April 2022, there are 2,437 Ramsar sites worldwide, protecting 254,691,993 hectares (629,357,620 acres).

  • The Coborg Peninsula in Australia was the first designated Ramsar site in 1974.
  • The United Kingdom (175) has the world’s largest number of Ramsar sites, followed by Mexico.
  • Bolivia has the largest area under convention protection with an area of 148,000 sq km.
  • Software Used By Different Banks In India Complete List
Complete List of 49 Ramsar Sites in India State Wise
Complete List of 49 Ramsar Sites in India State Wise

Complete List of 49 Ramsar Sites in India State Wise 2022, Latest Updated

Site State/UT Designated year Area (km2)
Chilika Lake Odisha 1 October 1981 1165
Keoladeo National Park Rajasthan 1 October 1981 28.73
Harike Wetland Punjab 23 March 1990 41
Loktak Lake Manipur 23 March 1990 266
Sambhar Lake Rajasthan 23 March 1990 240
Wular Lake Jammu and Kashmir 23 March 1990 189
Ashtamudi Wetland Kerala 19 August 2002 614
Bhitarkanika Mangroves Odisha 19 August 2002 650
Bhoj Wetland Madhya Pradesh 19 August 2002 32
Deepor Beel Assam 19 August 2002 40
East Kolkata Wetlands West Bengal 19 August 2002 125
Kanjli Wetland Punjab 22 January 2002 1.83
Kolleru Lake Andhra Pradesh 19 August 2002 901
Point Calimere Wildlife and Bird Sanctuary Tamil Nadu 19 August 2002 385
Pong Dam Lake Himachal Pradesh 19 August 2002 156.62
Ropar Wetland Punjab 22 January 2002 13.65
Sasthamkotta Lake Kerala 19 August 2002 3.73
Tsomoriri Ladakh 19 August 2002 120
Vembanad-Kol Wetland Kerala 19 August 2002 1512.5
Chandra Taal Himachal Pradesh 8 November 2005 0.49
Hokera Wetland Jammu and Kashmir 8 November 2005 13.75
Renuka Lake Himachal Pradesh 8 November 2005 0.2
Rudrasagar Lake Tripura 8 November 2005 2.4
Surinsar-Mansar Lakes Jammu and Kashmir 8 November 2005 3.5
Upper Ganga River (Brijghat to Narora Stretch) Uttar Pradesh 8 November 2005 265.9
Nalsarovar Bird Sanctuary Gujarat 24 September 2012 123
Sundarban Wetland West Bengal 1 February 2019 4230
Nandur Madhameshwar Maharashtra 21 June 2019 14
Nawabganj Bird Sanctuary Uttar Pradesh 19 September 2019 2
Sarsai Nawar Jheel Uttar Pradesh 19 September 2019 2
Keshopur-Miani Community Reserve Punjab 26 September 2019 34
Beas Conservation Reserve Punjab 26 September 2019 64
Nangal Wildlife Sanctuary Punjab 26 September 2019 1
Sandi Bird Sanctuary Uttar Pradesh 26 September 2019 3
Samaspur Bird Sanctuary Uttar Pradesh 3 October 2019 8
Parvati Arga Bird Sanctuary Uttar Pradesh 2 December 2019 7
Saman Bird Sanctuary Uttar Pradesh 2 December 2019 5
Asan Barrage Uttarakhand 21 July 2020 4.44 stretch
Kanwar Taal or Kabar Taal Lake Bihar 21 July 2020 26.2
Sur Sarovar Uttar Pradesh 13 November 2020 4.31
Lonar Lake Maharashtra 13 November 2020 4.27
Tso Kar Wetland Ladakh 17 November 2020 95.77
Bhindawas Wildlife Sanctuary Haryana 25 May 2021 4.11
Haiderpur Wetland Uttar Pradesh 25 December 2021 142.5
Sultanpur National Park Haryana 25 May 2021 142.5
Thol Lake Gujarat 05 April 2021 6.99
Wadhvana Wetland Gujarat 05 April 2021 10.38
Bakhira Sanctuary Uttar Pradesh 2 February 2022 29.00
Khijadiya Bird Sanctuary Gujarat 2 February 2022 6.05

Ramsar sites in India: Frequently Asked Questions :

Q. How many Ramsar sites are there in India?

  • There are 49 Ramsar sites in India.

Q. Which are the 2 new Ramsar sites in India?

  • The Khijdiya Wildlife Sanctuary in Gujarat and the Bakhira Wildlife Sanctuary in Uttar Pradesh were declared as Ramsar sites on January 2, 2022.

Q. Which is the largest Ramsar site in India?

  • North- The Sundarbans of West Bengal is the largest Ramsar site in India.

Q. Which is the smallest Ramsar site in India?

  • The Renuka Wetland (0.2 sq km) in Himachal Pradesh is the smallest Ramsar site in India.

Q. Which is the first Ramsar site in India?/ Which is the first Ramsar site?

  • In 1981, under the Ramsar Convention, The Chilka Lake was named the first Indian wetland of international importance.

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