Akshat Kaushal Sociology Optional Notes Pdf Download Free

Akshat Kaushal Sociology Optional Notes Pdf Download Free – Here we are sharing Akshat Kaushal  Sociology Printed Notes . Many UPSC Aspirants Search For Sociology Printed Notes But Not Able To Find Original And Quality Study Material . Sociology Is One Of Popular optional Paper For UPSC Civil Services Exam . Many Aspirants opts This Subject To Get Selected In UPSC Civil Services .

About Akshat Kaushal

Akshat Kaushal secured All India Rank 55 in the 2017 Civil Services Exam. His father in most of his life, worked in bank. His mother works in central government. He did His graduation in electronics and communication, after that He did His post graduate diploma in English journalism from IMC, Delhi. And then from 2010 to 2016, He was writing for a business newspaper (Business Standard) and then simultaneously, He  was also giving my attempts and He finally cleared his exam.

Akshat Kaushal Sociology Optional Notes Pdf Download Free


Akshat Kaushal Sociology Optional Notes Pdf Download Free

Exam UPSC Mains 
Subject Sociology 
Academy Akshat Kaushal
Format Pdf
Medium English
Type Printed 
No. Of Booklets 2 Booklets
Download Links Given Below


Akshat Kaushal Sociology Notes Pdf 

Paper 1st

Paper 2nd

Paper-1 Contents :

  • Modernity and social changes in Europe and emergence of sociology
  • Protest, agitation, social movement, collective action and revolution
  • Power elite, bureaucracy, pressure groups and political parties
  • Nation, state, citizenship, democracy, civil society, ideology.
  • Family, household and marriage + Types and forms of family + Lineage and descent
  • Patriarchy and sexual division of labour
  • Contemporary trends in marriage
  • Sociology and other social sciences
  • Sociology and Common sense
  • Science, scientific method and critque
  • Positivism and its critique
  • Fact, value and objectivity
  • Variables, sampling, hypothesis, reliability and validity
  • Quantitative and qualitative methods
  • Techniques of data collection
  • Robert K Merton: Latent and manifest functions, Conformity and deviance, and reference groups
  • Mead: Self and Identity
  • Karl Marx: Historical Materialism, Mode of Production, Alienation, and class struggle
  • Max Weber: Social Action, Ideal types, authority, bureaucracy, protestant ethic & spirit of capitalism
  • Talcott Parsons
  • Emile Durkheim
  • Religion and Society : Sociological theories of religion
  • Religion and science
  • Secularisation
  • Religious revivalism
  • Religious fundamentalism
  • Religious organisations:
  • Millenarian movements
  • Theories of social stratification: Structural-functionalist theory, Marxist theory
  • Nomothetic and Ideographic
  • Cultural lag theory

Paper-2 Contents :

  • On domestic violence act
  • Women in IT sector
  • Untouchability: Forms and Perspectives
  • Challenges to Social Transformation:
  • Population size, growth, composition and distribution & Components of population growth: birth, death and migration.
  • Emerging issues: Ageing, sex ratios, child and infant mortality, reproductive health
  • Sex ratio:
  • Infant mortality rate
  • Environment movements
  • Women’s movements
  • Dalit movement
  • Backward Class movements
  • Peasant and farmer movements
  • Tribal movements
  • Social background of Indian Nationalism
  • Social reforms
  • Constitution, law and social change
  • Education and social change
  • Idea of development planning and mixed economy :->Bipan Chandra
  • Social classes in India
  • System of kinship in India
  • Patriarchy, entitlements and sexual division of labour.
  • Tribal Communities in India
  • Agrarian social structure -> Evolution of land tenure system and land reforms
  • Cooperatives
  • Modernisation of Indian Tradition
  • Western Impact on India
  • Idea of Indian Village and Village studies
  • Land tenure system
  • Features of caste system -> Look at Ghurye
  • Problems of religious minority in India:
  • Urbanisation in India
  • Child Labour
  • Informal sector
  • Slums and deprivation in urban areas
  • Slums


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